Michael Gould (ESRI)
Indoor Positioning and Navigation from an Industry Perspective.
Summary: Indoor positioning and navigation is a rich topic for basic research but it is also rich in practical applications for ordinary people and, more importantly, for industry. Managing and optimizing interior spaces has become a necessity for the efficiency of Industry 4.0 applications, for space planning and design applications, for security applications, and for safety applications including new requirements due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This presentation will provide an overview of these applications and will show examples from the use of Esri ́s ArcGIS Indoors suite of software tools. These include improving space management, creating more productive workspaces, increased speed of service delivery, and reopening workplaces safely. Buildings are digitized in 3D which provides the cartographic framework for these applications, all of which depend on indoor positioning and some on navigation. The presentation encourages indoor positioning and navigation researchers to continue pushing the limits, and to be creative regarding possible new applications as the current industrial market is hungry for these capabilities.
Bio: Michael Gould is doctor in Geography and Geographic information Systems from the University at Buffalo, New York. At that same university he did his Masters thesis on Vehicle Navigation Systems. He worked at Esri Spain and taught GIS as visiting professor at 3 Spanish universities, then in 1997 he became professor of Information Systems at Universitat Jaume I, Castellón. At UJI he created a research line in Geographic Information, was co-founder of an Erasmus Mundus master degree on Geospatial Technologies and two Marie Curie doctoral programs on Geoinformatics and on Wearable technologies. He co-founded the Vespucci Institute on Geographic Information Science and a spinoff company, Ubik Geospatial Solutions. In 2009 he joined Esri Inc., leader in GIS software and services, as Global Education Manager which involves running a variety of capacity development projects in collaboration with more than 10,000 universities, education ministries, NGOs and other partners.
Malcolm Bain (Across Legal)
Legal and ethical considerations on indoor positioning and navigation.
Summary: The massive collection of all types of new categories of data about citizens has raised significant concerns from a privacy and ethical point of view, including, in the last 10-15 years, both inside and outside geolocation data. Positioning of clients in supermarkets, crowd control and movement tracking in hotels, buildings or stations, are known use-cases. From a legal perspective in the EU, GDPR has introduced strict controls on intrusive data processing, and research projects are – and have been – required to take into account ethical considerations (over and above privacy: discrimination, bias, automated decision taking and personal autonomy, working with minors) into account in the research projects. This presentation sets out the (legal) ground rules for collecting and processing indoor position and navigation data, in both research and industrial projects. Researchers should take advantage of the research exceptions for data processing, while maintaining appropriate safeguards for personal data protection... but what are those appropriate safeguards?
Bio: Malcolm Bainis a lawyer specializing in information technology and intellectual property law, partner at Across Legal, Barcelona. Over the last 20 years, he has advised both research and industrial projects in all aspects of ICT law, including privacy and licensing issues among others. In the early 2000s he participated in “GROCER” project, one of the EU FET projects that used indoor positioning for supermarket optimization and marketing purposes, and authored “Legal Programming: Designing Legally Compliant RFID and Software Agent Architectures for Retail Processes and Beyond”, one of the first works to look in detail at privacy implications of positioning and tracking technologies. He participates regularly at GIS conferences, especially SIG Lliure and FOSS4G, presenting the legal and licensing issues.